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Lifestyle

A Brief History Of The Punjabi Language

Interested in Punjabi? Take a look at this brief history of the language as a great starting point in your Punjabi education.

Are you considering learning Punjabi, or perhaps including it in your educational or business media? If you are, this article will give you a really great place to start learning about this fascinating language, with this brief history of Punjabi:

Where Does Punjabi Come From?

Punjabi comes from the Indian subcontinent where four main language families are used:

  • Dravidian – Spoken mainly in Southern India
  • Mon-Khmer – Spoken mainly in Eastern India and Assam
  • Sino-Tibetan – Spoken mainly close to Burma and in the Northern Himalayan areas
  • Indo-European – Spoken in Central and Northern Indian regions

Punjabi actually comes from the Indo-Aryan subgroup of the Indo-European Indian language family. Indo-European languages stem from Indo-Iranian languages and the dialects in these families are spoken across India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Pakistan mainly, but also across various other parts of the world too.

The Punjabi language itself actually originates from Sauraseni Prakrit which came from Northern India in medieval times. It was used back then for expression and creativity in basic performances, plays and drama staged for entertainment. Around the 11th Century it evolved into its own language from Sauraseni Prakrit, with influences from various other languages from before Indo-Aryan language families were established.

If you’re looking for further reading on the history of Punjabi literature and medieval and modern Indian history relating to Punjab culture, Jaguar Singh Grewal is an excellent historian specialising in the topic. You can read more about him here, with directions to further resources such as his various thesis and books.

Punjabi, It’s Uniqueness & It’s Dialects

Punjabi is not an official language in any country, but it is spoken mostly in Pakistan by nearly 50% of the population. Across the world, around 145 million people speak Punjabi as their native language – that’s more than French, Korean or German. You hear it most often spoken in Pakistan and India, but it is also common in Canada and the UK, America and various European countries.

Punjabi is interesting because it uses multiple words that are spelt the same, but the tones used to say them are different depending on the different meaning of the word. These contour tones are explained really well in this Youtube video, which demonstrates exactly why Punjabi is a tonal language.

Punjabi, like many languages, has a wide range of dialects within India including: Doabi, Malwai, Majhi, Powadhi. In Pakistan there is a regional language called Sindhi which influences Punjabi creating multiple different dialects including; Pothohari, Hindko, Majhi and Multani. Punjabi in Pakistan is also influenced by Persian, Arabic and Central Asian languages.

When it comes to the Punjabi language that is written, there tends to be three main alphabets used which are; Gurmukhi, Devanagari and Shahmukhi.

Will You Use Punjabi In Your Next Project?

If you are looking at using a Punjabi voiceover in a marketing or educational video, or including Punjabi subtitles it is essential that you use a professional voiceover service. Punjabi can be tricky to translate for various reasons, including the typesetting. Different fonts can affect the way the characters appear, sometimes resulting in the words being wrong because the wrong font is used.

With voiceovers, accents, dialects and other intricate details have to be considered to ensure that your target market will be able to clearly understand your video message. By using a professional company for Punjabi voiceovers and subtitles, you can be sure your project is as effective, accurate and successful as possible.

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Technology

How to Fix [pii_email_650a9bf021aee721ab8e] Error?

Being a regular user of MS outlook, you must be aware of the error codes that appear on your computer screen. One of such error codes is [pii_email_650a9bf021aee721ab8e], and it can appear on your computer screen due to a certain reason. These errors like [pii_email_650a9bf021aee721ab8e] can appear while you are in the middle of an important email transfer, and that is why you should know the causes and solutions behind this error.

What are the causes of error code [pii_email_650a9bf021aee721ab8e]?

There are a lot of reasons why an error code like [pii_email_650a9bf021aee721ab8e] would appear on your screen. Following are some of the causes behind this error

  • You may be using more than one account on your MS Outlook application.
  • You may have a lot of extensions added to your browser you are using MS outlook on.
  • You haven’t cleaned out the caches and cookies from your computer.
  • You have just installed new software on your computer, and the file is corrupted.
  • Your MS windows and MS outlook versions are not compatible with each other.

What is the solution for error [pii_email_650a9bf021aee721ab8e]?

Following are some of the ways you can fix this error [pii_email_650a9bf021aee721ab8e] from your MS outlook.

  • You will have to remove all the extra accounts from your MS outlook
  • You will have to change the version of your MS windows, so it is compatible with the version of your MS outlook.
  • You have to install a repairing tool that will fix the error on its own.
  • You have to uninstall the new software from your computer, which is a pirated version because those are the software that is corrupted.
  • You will have to clear out all the cookies and caches from your browser.
  • When nothing is working, you will need the help of the MS Service center, and that is who you need to contact.

Categories
Technology

How to Fix [pii_email_10484dcc1e7bbabe7ee7] Error?

Experiencing errors like [pii_email_10484dcc1e7bbabe7ee7] on your computer screen while trying to send an email is a common experience. This should not scare you at all because there are ways by which you can fix errors like these. Following are the ways that you can try to fix this error [pii_email_10484dcc1e7bbabe7ee7] from your MS outlook.

Get rid of multiple accounts

having multiple accounts logged in your MS outlook can sometimes become the reason behind such an error like [pii_email_10484dcc1e7bbabe7ee7], so to remove this error from your MS outlook, you also will have to get rid of these accounts. Once you have removed all the accounts from Outlook, you can log in with the one you need to send an email from. The rest of the accounts can be used from the web browser.

Web-version of MS outlook

The web version of MS Outlook is available, which you can use from the web browser. This is a quick solution when an error like [pii_email_10484dcc1e7bbabe7ee7] appears on your computer screen, and you are in the middle of sending an important email.

Update windows

Using an updated version of windows might help with removing error [pii_email_10484dcc1e7bbabe7ee7]. You have to be sure that MS outlook and MS windows are compatible with each other otherwise, this error or other such errors will keep appearing.

Uninstall corrupted software

You won’t be able to know which one of your software is corrupted, but it is usually the newly installed one that you have downloaded from another pirated source. So, uninstalling that software will diminish this error [pii_email_10484dcc1e7bbabe7ee7]

Repair tool

A repair tool is a software that will remove errors from the MS outlook on its own. This way, you don’t have to do much apart from installing and running that tool on your computer.

Categories
Technology

How to Fix [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be] error?

[pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be] is one of the MS Outlook errors. If you are in professional or student life, you will understand the importance of emails. Now that medical has gained importance, and digital media is being used even for the smallest communication purposes, the email system has been a part of this system for quite a lot of time. Even though many new methods have come, the email system remains the top priority in sending out official emails. There are many different email service providers that people use services of MS outlook is the email service by Microsoft, and this is commonly used by most of the Microsoft users. People who are strict users of this email system are loyal to this service despite facing a few errors occasionally.

[pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be] error

Error is not a big deal, and you can easily handle it; many different types of errors arise with the use of MS outlook, and this [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be] error is one of them you will experience this error or any other error similar to it when you are trying to send an email. This may not affect your whole account, but still, you won’t be able to send an email unless you can deal with it.

Reasons behind this error [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be]

There can be a lot of reasons why this error [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be] appears on your screen. You may not be able to identify the real reason behind that error occurring but knowing all the possible reasons will help you a lot. Knowing all these reasons, you will also be able to find a possible solution to this error. Following are some of the reasons why this error may have been caused

  • You might be using more than one account on your MS Outlook; on top of that, when you don’t clear out the caches, then this error will arise and will be difficult to get rid of.
  • When you log into your MS outlook account from the web browser, this can also become a reason for this error to arise.
  • You might be using an older version of MS outlook, and that can become a reason behind this error.
  • When you download an application to your device from an unauthorized source, that can cause an error in your MS outlook.
  • If none of that, the MS outlook service center will help you determine what is the main cause of the [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be] in your MS Outlook account and will be able to find a solution for you as well.

Solutions to the MS outlook error code [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be]

With every problem, there are different solutions available. Teach pf this solution will be associated with the root cause of the error but knowing them all won’t hurt. It will prepare you to get rid of this error in the future as well. Following are the methods that you can try to get rid of this error [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be].

Cleaning unnecessary caches and cookies

When all the caches ad cookies pile up on your computer, it can cause errors not only in MS outlook but other applications as well. So, it is better to keep your caches and cookies cleared out now and then to prevent the problem. Clear out all the caches and restart your MS outlook.

Remove multiple accounts

Multiple accounts logged in the MS outlook may also cause this error. Usually, multiple accounts help you, but for now, you will have to choose a priority account and will have to stick with that. Choose the account that you were trying to send an email with remove all the accounts from the MS outlook. To do that, you have to go to the accounts settings and select all the accounts you want to remove. Once you have done it all, you need to restart your MS outlook.

Update your MS outlook version

The better thing would be to update your whole MS office. Usually, using an older version is the reason this error [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be] appears on your screen. So, you need to download and install the newer version of MS outlook. After doing so, you will have to restart the system as well. When the restart process has been completed, you will see the error won’t occur again. Doing this will always help you get rid of this error.

Delete newly downloaded applications

If you can pinpoint the application after installing which the error started arising, then you need to remove the application from your computer. This application probably has some error in it and causing your MS outlook to give an error as well instead of sending out emails in the normal way. Getting rid of such problematic applications will help fix the problem instantly, and the error code will be gone from your screen as well.

Using web application

The use of web applications is another solution to this problem. Usually, it the computer or other device application that gives this error, but when you try to send that email from the web application, then you will be able to send it. Furthermore, you can use the web application of MS outlook for a short while to send an email. You cat use this method long-term, too, because this can become another reason for this error to occur.

Getting help from Microsoft customer care

The last resort when you are unable to find out the main reason behind this error [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be] will be to get Microsoft customer care involved, and they will help you identify the real cause behind this error and will also help you solve that problem. Doing this will take the worry off of your hand, but when you were sending an important email, then this can be a huge problem. When the error keeps occurring, you will also be able to lose all of your data.

So, these are all the possible reasons behind this mS outlook error [pii_email_b30d9ce8d0bfaffd00be] and different ways you can deal with this error. Getting professional help involved might be necessary when nothing else works.