Oil painting is indeed a splendid and magnificent form of art and a great medium of expression by any individual. But there are modifiers which can be added to the oil paint in order to enhance its beauty and change its behavior. These modifiers are some of the popular oil painting mediums commonly used by a lot of oil painters.
However, there is some artist who does not use other mediums other than a bit of oil to make the paint more noticeable. But then, it is said that all are entitled to their own point of view when it comes to the quality of such oil painting. So, it is then much better to try on your own art considered all warnings in choosing a painting medium. Also, it is important to bear in mind the different safely precautions in working an oil painting and the proper oil painting mediums to be used. The following are some oil painting used by painters that has proven its qualitative works – linseed oil, stand oil, poppy oil, safflower oil, walnut oil and liquin.
Linseed oil is extracted from the seed of the flax plant. Usually, many painters avoid using linseed oils with lighter colors like white and yellow because of the quality and how it will be after it ages. Linseed oil dries slowly and thoroughly which forms a strong paint film. As it dries slowly, the painter was helped and enabled to continue working because it is in the workable state. However, because of its limitations such as the change in color as it ages, only a few types of linseed oils are used and trusted by today’s generation of oil painters.
These few types of varieties are cold pressed linseed oil, steam pressed or refined linseed oil and sun thickened linseed oil. Cold pressed oil is from the extracted oil of a raw flaxseed while the stem pressed or refined linseed oil is from the steam-heated flaxseed. On the other hand, sun thickened linseed oil is produced from the separation of the linseed oil and water when mixed together and left under the heat of the sun for several weeks or longer.
Cold pressed linseed oil is used as a binder in oil paints and can also be used a medium to thin oil paints, heighten gloss and transparency and reduce the visibility of brush strokes unlike the sun thickened linseed oil which is not used as a binder in oil paints but as an independent medium that improves the flow and increases gloss while refined linseed oil can be used to thin oil paint and increase brilliance and transparency.
But among these three, cold pressed linseed oil results in a low yield so this oil is much more expensive than the others. Meanwhile, the process of steam heating flax seeds results more waste so it needs more job than a normal processing time of a linseed oil. On the other hand, sun thickened linseed oil has the a good quality for it has the least tendency to yellow among the linseed oils but the process of producing the product could take a longer time than the processing of steam pressed or refined linseed oil.
Other types of modifiers are stand oil which is similar to a sun thickened linseed oil. It has a similar use as the latter which helps improve the flow and had a good resistance to yellowing. However, it is slow in drying that produces a strong enamel like paint film; poppy seed oil and safflower oil are two types of oil that are superior to the linseed oil because they have a lesser tendency to yellow as they age and both are suitable for white and light colors; walnut oil is a type of oil that helps the paint become more like a fluid and has a good drying power, it also has a lesser tendency to yellow when compared to the linseed oil but it should be stored with the proper care; and lastly the liquin which is a very popular oil painting medium and improves the flow of oil and alkyd colors and helps in refined blending and fine detail, speeds drying and serves as a good medium for glazing.
Working with oil painting mediums is not a requirement. If you find an ordinary oil painting as the best as it is, then it is better for you not to use these mediums. We do not have the same preferences, some would want and some would not so it depends to the individual’s decision if he/she wants to be involved in oil painting mediums.